.NET[C#]使用LINQ如何将一个集合划分成多个子集合?

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.NET[C#]使用LINQ如何将一个集合划分成多个子集合?

问题描述

比如有如下的集合:

[a, g, e, w, p, s, q, f, x, y, i, m, c]

需要划分后的结果:

[a, g, e], [w, p, s], [q, f, x], [y, i, m], [c]

.NET[C#]使用LINQ如何实现以上子集合的划分呢?

方案一

public static IList<IList<T>> Split<T>(IList<T> source)
{
    return  source
        .Select((x, i) => new { Index = i, Value = x })
        .GroupBy(x => x.Index / 3)
        .Select(x => x.Select(v => v.Value).ToList())
        .ToList();
}

方案二

public static IEnumerable<IEnumerable<T>> Chunk<T>(this IEnumerable<T> source, int chunksize)
{
    while (source.Any())
    {
        yield return source.Take(chunksize);
        source = source.Skip(chunksize);
    }
}

方案三

public static IEnumerable<IEnumerable<T>> ChunkTrivialBetter<T>(this IEnumerable<T> source, int chunksize)
{
   var pos = 0; 
   while (source.Skip(pos).Any())
   {
      yield return source.Skip(pos).Take(chunksize);
      pos += chunksize;
   }
}

完整的功能代码:

namespace ChunkedEnumerator
{
    public static class Extensions 
    {
        class ChunkedEnumerable<T> : IEnumerable<T>
        {
            class ChildEnumerator : IEnumerator<T>
            {
                ChunkedEnumerable<T> parent;
                int position;
                bool done = false;
                T current;


                public ChildEnumerator(ChunkedEnumerable<T> parent)
                {
                    this.parent = parent;
                    position = -1;
                    parent.wrapper.AddRef();
                }

                public T Current
                {
                    get
                    {
                        if (position == -1 || done)
                        {
                            throw new InvalidOperationException();
                        }
                        return current;

                    }
                }

                public void Dispose()
                {
                    if (!done)
                    {
                        done = true;
                        parent.wrapper.RemoveRef();
                    }
                }

                object System.Collections.IEnumerator.Current
                {
                    get { return Current; }
                }

                public bool MoveNext()
                {
                    position++;

                    if (position + 1 > parent.chunkSize)
                    {
                        done = true;
                    }

                    if (!done)
                    {
                        done = !parent.wrapper.Get(position + parent.start, out current);
                    }

                    return !done;

                }

                public void Reset()
                {
                    // per http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.collections.ienumerator.reset.aspx
                    throw new NotSupportedException();
                }
            }

            EnumeratorWrapper<T> wrapper;
            int chunkSize;
            int start;

            public ChunkedEnumerable(EnumeratorWrapper<T> wrapper, int chunkSize, int start)
            {
                this.wrapper = wrapper;
                this.chunkSize = chunkSize;
                this.start = start;
            }

            public IEnumerator<T> GetEnumerator()
            {
                return new ChildEnumerator(this);
            }

            System.Collections.IEnumerator System.Collections.IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()
            {
                return GetEnumerator();
            }

        }

        class EnumeratorWrapper<T>
        {
            public EnumeratorWrapper (IEnumerable<T> source)
            {
                SourceEumerable = source;
            }
            IEnumerable<T> SourceEumerable {get; set;}

            Enumeration currentEnumeration;

            class Enumeration
            {
                public IEnumerator<T> Source { get; set; }
                public int Position { get; set; }
                public bool AtEnd { get; set; }
            }

            public bool Get(int pos, out T item) 
            {

                if (currentEnumeration != null && currentEnumeration.Position > pos)
                {
                    currentEnumeration.Source.Dispose();
                    currentEnumeration = null;
                }

                if (currentEnumeration == null)
                {
                    currentEnumeration = new Enumeration { Position = -1, Source = SourceEumerable.GetEnumerator(), AtEnd = false };
                }

                item = default(T);
                if (currentEnumeration.AtEnd)
                {
                    return false;
                }

                while(currentEnumeration.Position < pos) 
                {
                    currentEnumeration.AtEnd = !currentEnumeration.Source.MoveNext();
                    currentEnumeration.Position++;

                    if (currentEnumeration.AtEnd) 
                    {
                        return false;
                    }

                }

                item = currentEnumeration.Source.Current;

                return true;
            }

            int refs = 0;

            // needed for dispose semantics 
            public void AddRef()
            {
                refs++;
            }

            public void RemoveRef()
            {
                refs--;
                if (refs == 0 && currentEnumeration != null)
                {
                    var copy = currentEnumeration;
                    currentEnumeration = null;
                    copy.Source.Dispose();
                }
            }
        }

        public static IEnumerable<IEnumerable<T>> Chunk<T>(this IEnumerable<T> source, int chunksize)
        {
            if (chunksize < 1) throw new InvalidOperationException();

            var wrapper =  new EnumeratorWrapper<T>(source);

            int currentPos = 0;
            T ignore;
            try
            {
                wrapper.AddRef();
                while (wrapper.Get(currentPos, out ignore))
                {
                    yield return new ChunkedEnumerable<T>(wrapper, chunksize, currentPos);
                    currentPos += chunksize;
                }
            }
            finally
            {
                wrapper.RemoveRef();
            }
        }
    }

    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            int i = 10;
            foreach (var group in Enumerable.Range(1, int.MaxValue).Skip(10000000).Chunk(3))
            {
                foreach (var n in group)
                {
                    Console.Write(n);
                    Console.Write(" ");
                }
                Console.WriteLine();
                if (i-- == 0) break;
            }


            var stuffs = Enumerable.Range(1, 10).Chunk(2).ToArray();

            foreach (var idx in new [] {3,2,1})
            {
                Console.Write("idx " + idx + " ");
                foreach (var n in stuffs[idx])
                {
                    Console.Write(n);
                    Console.Write(" ");
                }
                Console.WriteLine();
            }

            /*

10000001 10000002 10000003
10000004 10000005 10000006
10000007 10000008 10000009
10000010 10000011 10000012
10000013 10000014 10000015
10000016 10000017 10000018
10000019 10000020 10000021
10000022 10000023 10000024
10000025 10000026 10000027
10000028 10000029 10000030
10000031 10000032 10000033
idx 3 7 8
idx 2 5 6
idx 1 3 4
             */

            Console.ReadKey();


        }

    }
}

方案四

public static IEnumerable<IEnumerable<T>> GetEnumerableOfEnumerables<T>(
  IEnumerable<T> enumerable, int groupSize)
{
   // The list to return.
   List<T> list = new List<T>(groupSize);

   // Cycle through all of the items.
   foreach (T item in enumerable)
   {
     // Add the item.
     list.Add(item);

     // If the list has the number of elements, return that.
     if (list.Count == groupSize)
     {
       // Return the list.
       yield return list;

       // Set the list to a new list.
       list = new List<T>(groupSize);
     }
   }

   // Return the remainder if there is any,
   if (list.Count != 0)
   {
     // Return the list.
     yield return list;
   }
}

方案五

public static IEnumerable<IEnumerable<T>> Chunks<T>(this IEnumerable<T> enumerable,
                                                    int chunkSize)
{
    if (chunkSize < 1) throw new ArgumentException("chunkSize must be positive");

    using (var e = enumerable.GetEnumerator())
    while (e.MoveNext())
    {
        var remaining = chunkSize;    // elements remaining in the current chunk
        var innerMoveNext = new Func<bool>(() => --remaining > 0 && e.MoveNext());

        yield return e.GetChunk(innerMoveNext);
        while (innerMoveNext()) {/* discard elements skipped by inner iterator */}
    }
}

private static IEnumerable<T> GetChunk<T>(this IEnumerator<T> e,
                                          Func<bool> innerMoveNext)
{
    do yield return e.Current;
    while (innerMoveNext());
}

方案六

var src = new [] {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}; 

var c3 = src.Chunks(3);      // {{1, 2, 3}, {4, 5, 6}}; 
var c4 = src.Chunks(4);      // {{1, 2, 3, 4}, {5, 6}}; 

var sum   = c3.Select(c => c.Sum());    // {6, 15}
var count = c3.Count();                 // 2
var take2 = c3.Select(c => c.Take(2));  // {{1, 2}, {4, 5}}

方案七

public static class EnumerableExtensions
{
  public static IEnumerable<IEnumerable<T>> Split<T>(this IEnumerable<T> source, int len)
  {
     if (len == 0)
        throw new ArgumentNullException();

     var enumer = source.GetEnumerator();
     while (enumer.MoveNext())
     {
        yield return Take(enumer.Current, enumer, len);
     }
  }

  private static IEnumerable<T> Take<T>(T head, IEnumerator<T> tail, int len)
  {
     while (true)
     {
        yield return head;
        if (--len == 0)
           break;
        if (tail.MoveNext())
           head = tail.Current;
        else
           break;
     }
  }
}

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发布于: 2018-01-13 15:20:00
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