[JSON.NET].NET/C#应用程序中将一个键值对的JSON字符串反序列化成字典Dictionary<string,string>有哪些方法?

.NET 作者: Rector 421阅读 0评论 0收藏 收藏本文

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问题描述

现在有一个键值对的JSON字符串,这个键值对的字符串是通过调用某个API获取到的返回结果,如下:

{ "key1": "value1", "key2": "value2"}

在.NET/C#的应用程序开发中,将这样一个键值对的JSON字符串反序列化成字典Dictionary<string,string>有哪些方法?

方案一

使用.NET/C#应用开发中的关于JSON序列化与反序列化的第三方组件,如:Json.NET来实现反序列化,如下:

string json = @"{""key1"":""value1"",""key2"":""value2""}";

Dictionary<string, string> values = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<Dictionary<string, string>>(json);

Console.WriteLine(values.Count);
// 2

Console.WriteLine(values["key1"]);
// value1

更多关于Json.NET的序列化与反序列化的操作,请参考:Json.NET的序列化与反序列化

方案二

使用微软自带类库中的JavaScriptSerializer类,如下:

var json = "{\"id\":\"13\", \"value\": true}";
var jss = new JavaScriptSerializer();
var table = jss.Deserialize<dynamic>(json);
Console.WriteLine(table["id"]);
Console.WriteLine(table["value"]);

或者

using System.Web.Script.Serialization;

string json = "{\"id\":\"13\", \"value\": true}";

var serializer = new JavaScriptSerializer();

Dictionary<string, string> values = serializer.Deserialize<Dictionary<string, string>>(json);

方案三

创建一个反序列化的方法,如:

private static object deserializeToDictionaryOrList(string jo,bool isArray=false)
{
    if (!isArray)
    {
        isArray = jo.Substring(0, 1) == "[";
    }
    if (!isArray)
    {
        var values = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<Dictionary<string, object>>(jo);
        var values2 = new Dictionary<string, object>();
        foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> d in values)
        {
            if (d.Value is JObject)
            {
                values2.Add(d.Key, deserializeToDictionary(d.Value.ToString()));
            }
            else if (d.Value is JArray)
            {
                values2.Add(d.Key, deserializeToDictionary(d.Value.ToString(), true));
            }
            else
            {
                values2.Add(d.Key, d.Value);
            }
        }
        return values2;
    }else
    {
        var values = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<List<object>>(jo);
        var values2 = new List<object>();
        foreach (var d in values)
        {
            if (d is JObject)
            {
                values2.Add(deserializeToDictionary(d.ToString()));
            }
            else if (d is JArray)
            {
                values2.Add(deserializeToDictionary(d.ToString(), true));
            }
            else
            {
                values2.Add(d);
            }
        }
        return values2;
    }
}

调用方法

string responsestring = "{\"id\":\"721055828\",\"name\":\"Dasun Sameera Weerasinghe\",\"first_name\":\"Dasun\",\"middle_name\":\"Sameera\",\"last_name\":\"Weerasinghe\",\"username\":\"dasun\",\"gender\":\"male\",\"locale\":\"en_US\",  hometown: {id: \"108388329191258\", name: \"Moratuwa, Sri Lanka\",}}";
    Dictionary<string, object> values = deserializeToDictionaryOrList(responsestring);

方案四

如果你不想引用第三方的组件,还可以使用正则表达式来实现JSON反序列化的方法,如:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;

public Dictionary<string, object> ParseJSON(string json)
{
    int end;
    return ParseJSON(json, 0, out end);
}
private Dictionary<string, object> ParseJSON(string json, int start, out int end)
{
    Dictionary<string, object> dict = new Dictionary<string, object>();
    bool escbegin = false;
    bool escend = false;
    bool inquotes = false;
    string key = null;
    int cend;
    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
    Dictionary<string, object> child = null;
    List<object> arraylist = null;
    Regex regex = new Regex(@"\\u([0-9a-z]{4})", RegexOptions.IgnoreCase);
    int autoKey = 0;
    for (int i = start; i < json.Length; i++)
    {
        char c = json[i];
        if (c == '\\') escbegin = !escbegin;
        if (!escbegin)
        {
            if (c == '"')
            {
                inquotes = !inquotes;
                if (!inquotes && arraylist != null)
                {
                    arraylist.Add(DecodeString(regex, sb.ToString()));
                    sb.Length = 0;
                }
                continue;
            }
            if (!inquotes)
            {
                switch (c)
                {
                    case '{':
                        if (i != start)
                        {
                            child = ParseJSON(json, i, out cend);
                            if (arraylist != null) arraylist.Add(child);
                            else
                            {
                                dict.Add(key, child);
                                key = null;
                            }
                            i = cend;
                        }
                        continue;
                    case '}':
                        end = i;
                        if (key != null)
                        {
                            if (arraylist != null) dict.Add(key, arraylist);
                            else dict.Add(key, DecodeString(regex, sb.ToString()));
                        }
                        return dict;
                    case '[':
                        arraylist = new List<object>();
                        continue;
                    case ']':
                        if (key == null)
                        {
                            key = "array" + autoKey.ToString();
                            autoKey++;
                        }
                        if (arraylist != null && sb.Length > 0)
                        {
                            arraylist.Add(sb.ToString());
                            sb.Length = 0;
                        }
                        dict.Add(key, arraylist);
                        arraylist = null;
                        key = null;
                        continue;
                    case ',':
                        if (arraylist == null && key != null)
                        {
                            dict.Add(key, DecodeString(regex, sb.ToString()));
                            key = null;
                            sb.Length = 0;
                        }
                        if (arraylist != null && sb.Length > 0)
                        {
                            arraylist.Add(sb.ToString());
                            sb.Length = 0;
                        }
                       continue;
                    case ':':
                        key = DecodeString(regex, sb.ToString());
                        sb.Length = 0;
                        continue;
                }
            }
        }
        sb.Append(c);
        if (escend) escbegin = false;
        if (escbegin) escend = true;
        else escend = false;
    }
    end = json.Length - 1;
    return dict; //theoretically shouldn't ever get here
}
private string DecodeString(Regex regex, string str)
{
    return Regex.Unescape(regex.Replace(str, match => char.ConvertFromUtf32(Int32.Parse(match.Groups[1].Value, System.Globalization.NumberStyles.HexNumber))));
}

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发布于: 2018-03-20 10:47:01
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