[SQL Server]SQL Server数据库中如何使用SQL语句删除指定数据库所有的数据表、视图、存储过程、触发器、主键、外键、约束以及所有的依赖关系等等?

SQL Server 作者: Rector 20 次阅读 · 读完约需 1 分钟 收藏本文

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问题描述

SQL Server数据库中,使用SQL语句删除指定数据库所有的数据表、视图、存储过程、触发器、主键、外键、约束以及所有的依赖关系等等,以达到在不用重新创建一个新数据库的情况下清理数据库目的?

特别注意:本文的脚本具有对数据库结构的完全破坏力,请看清楚之后根据实际情况使用!!!本文只提供解决问题的思路,不对你的执行结果负责!!!

方案一

USE YOUR_DATABASE
GO
/* 删除所有非系统内置的存储过程 */
DECLARE @name VARCHAR(128)
DECLARE @SQL VARCHAR(254)

SELECT @name = (SELECT TOP 1 [name] FROM sysobjects WHERE [type] = 'P' AND category = 0 ORDER BY [name])

WHILE @name is not null
BEGIN
    SELECT @SQL = 'DROP PROCEDURE [dbo].[' + RTRIM(@name) +']'
    EXEC (@SQL)
    PRINT '删除所有存储过程: ' + @name
    SELECT @name = (SELECT TOP 1 [name] FROM sysobjects WHERE [type] = 'P' AND category = 0 AND [name] > @name ORDER BY [name])
END
GO

/* 删除所有视图 */
DECLARE @name VARCHAR(128)
DECLARE @SQL VARCHAR(254)

SELECT @name = (SELECT TOP 1 [name] FROM sysobjects WHERE [type] = 'V' AND category = 0 ORDER BY [name])

WHILE @name IS NOT NULL
BEGIN
    SELECT @SQL = 'DROP VIEW [dbo].[' + RTRIM(@name) +']'
    EXEC (@SQL)
    PRINT '删除所有视图: ' + @name
    SELECT @name = (SELECT TOP 1 [name] FROM sysobjects WHERE [type] = 'V' AND category = 0 AND [name] > @name ORDER BY [name])
END
GO

/* 删除所有函数 */
DECLARE @name VARCHAR(128)
DECLARE @SQL VARCHAR(254)

SELECT @name = (SELECT TOP 1 [name] FROM sysobjects WHERE [type] IN (N'FN', N'IF', N'TF', N'FS', N'FT') AND category = 0 ORDER BY [name])

WHILE @name IS NOT NULL
BEGIN
    SELECT @SQL = 'DROP FUNCTION [dbo].[' + RTRIM(@name) +']'
    EXEC (@SQL)
    PRINT '删除所有函数: ' + @name
    SELECT @name = (SELECT TOP 1 [name] FROM sysobjects WHERE [type] IN (N'FN', N'IF', N'TF', N'FS', N'FT') AND category = 0 AND [name] > @name ORDER BY [name])
END
GO

/* 删除所有外键约束 */
DECLARE @name VARCHAR(128)
DECLARE @constraint VARCHAR(254)
DECLARE @SQL VARCHAR(254)

SELECT @name = (SELECT TOP 1 TABLE_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS WHERE constraint_catalog=DB_NAME() AND CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'FOREIGN KEY' ORDER BY TABLE_NAME)

WHILE @name is not null
BEGIN
    SELECT @constraint = (SELECT TOP 1 CONSTRAINT_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS WHERE constraint_catalog=DB_NAME() AND CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'FOREIGN KEY' AND TABLE_NAME = @name ORDER BY CONSTRAINT_NAME)
    WHILE @constraint IS NOT NULL
    BEGIN
        SELECT @SQL = 'ALTER TABLE [dbo].[' + RTRIM(@name) +'] DROP CONSTRAINT [' + RTRIM(@constraint) +']'
        EXEC (@SQL)
        PRINT '删除所有外键约束: ' + @constraint + ' on ' + @name
        SELECT @constraint = (SELECT TOP 1 CONSTRAINT_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS WHERE constraint_catalog=DB_NAME() AND CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'FOREIGN KEY' AND CONSTRAINT_NAME <> @constraint AND TABLE_NAME = @name ORDER BY CONSTRAINT_NAME)
    END
SELECT @name = (SELECT TOP 1 TABLE_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS WHERE constraint_catalog=DB_NAME() AND CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'FOREIGN KEY' ORDER BY TABLE_NAME)
END
GO

/* 删除所有主键约束 */
DECLARE @name VARCHAR(128)
DECLARE @constraint VARCHAR(254)
DECLARE @SQL VARCHAR(254)

SELECT @name = (SELECT TOP 1 TABLE_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS WHERE constraint_catalog=DB_NAME() AND CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'PRIMARY KEY' ORDER BY TABLE_NAME)

WHILE @name IS NOT NULL
BEGIN
    SELECT @constraint = (SELECT TOP 1 CONSTRAINT_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS WHERE constraint_catalog=DB_NAME() AND CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'PRIMARY KEY' AND TABLE_NAME = @name ORDER BY CONSTRAINT_NAME)
    WHILE @constraint is not null
    BEGIN
        SELECT @SQL = 'ALTER TABLE [dbo].[' + RTRIM(@name) +'] DROP CONSTRAINT [' + RTRIM(@constraint)+']'
        EXEC (@SQL)
        PRINT '删除所有主键约束: ' + @constraint + ' on ' + @name
        SELECT @constraint = (SELECT TOP 1 CONSTRAINT_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS WHERE constraint_catalog=DB_NAME() AND CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'PRIMARY KEY' AND CONSTRAINT_NAME <> @constraint AND TABLE_NAME = @name ORDER BY CONSTRAINT_NAME)
    END
SELECT @name = (SELECT TOP 1 TABLE_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS WHERE constraint_catalog=DB_NAME() AND CONSTRAINT_TYPE = 'PRIMARY KEY' ORDER BY TABLE_NAME)
END
GO

/* 删除所有数据表 */
DECLARE @name VARCHAR(128)
DECLARE @SQL VARCHAR(254)

SELECT @name = (SELECT TOP 1 [name] FROM sysobjects WHERE [type] = 'U' AND category = 0 ORDER BY [name])

WHILE @name IS NOT NULL
BEGIN
    SELECT @SQL = 'DROP TABLE [dbo].[' + RTRIM(@name) +']'
    EXEC (@SQL)
    PRINT '删除所有数据表: ' + @name
    SELECT @name = (SELECT TOP 1 [name] FROM sysobjects WHERE [type] = 'U' AND category = 0 AND [name] > @name ORDER BY [name])
END
GO

注:此方案的SQL语句只能删除dbo架构下的相关数据库对象。

方案二

此方案支持除dbo架构外的用户自定义架构的相关数据库对象,如下:

USE YOUR_DATABASE
GO
declare @n char(1)
set @n = char(10)

declare @stmt nvarchar(max)

-- 删除所有存储过程
select @stmt = isnull( @stmt + @n, '' ) +
    'drop procedure [' + schema_name(schema_id) + '].[' + name + ']'
from sys.procedures


-- 删除所有约束
select @stmt = isnull( @stmt + @n, '' ) +
'alter table [' + schema_name(schema_id) + '].[' + object_name( parent_object_id ) + ']    drop constraint [' + name + ']'
from sys.check_constraints

-- 删除所有函数
select @stmt = isnull( @stmt + @n, '' ) +
    'drop function [' + schema_name(schema_id) + '].[' + name + ']'
from sys.objects
where type in ( 'FN', 'IF', 'TF' )

-- 删除所有视图
select @stmt = isnull( @stmt + @n, '' ) +
    'drop view [' + schema_name(schema_id) + '].[' + name + ']'
from sys.views

-- 删除所有外键约束
select @stmt = isnull( @stmt + @n, '' ) +
    'alter table [' + schema_name(schema_id) + '].[' + object_name( parent_object_id ) + '] drop constraint [' + name + ']'
from sys.foreign_keys

-- 删除所有数据表
select @stmt = isnull( @stmt + @n, '' ) +
    'drop table [' + schema_name(schema_id) + '].[' + name + ']'
from sys.tables

-- 删除所有用户类型
select @stmt = isnull( @stmt + @n, '' ) +
    'drop type [' + schema_name(schema_id) + '].[' + name + ']'
from sys.types
where is_user_defined = 1

exec sp_executesql @stmt

方案三

使用游标删除,如下:

PRINT '开始清理数据库...'
GO

------------------------------------------
-- 删除约束
------------------------------------------
DECLARE @Sql NVARCHAR(500) DECLARE @Cursor CURSOR

SET @Cursor = CURSOR FAST_FORWARD FOR
SELECT DISTINCT sql = 'ALTER TABLE ['+tc2.CONSTRAINT_SCHEMA+'].[' + tc2.TABLE_NAME + '] DROP [' + rc1.CONSTRAINT_NAME + ']'
FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.REFERENTIAL_CONSTRAINTS rc1
LEFT JOIN INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS tc2 ON tc2.CONSTRAINT_NAME =rc1.CONSTRAINT_NAME

OPEN @Cursor FETCH NEXT FROM @Cursor INTO @Sql

WHILE (@@FETCH_STATUS = 0)
BEGIN
PRINT @Sql
Exec (@Sql)
FETCH NEXT FROM @Cursor INTO @Sql
END

CLOSE @Cursor DEALLOCATE @Cursor
GO


------------------------------------------
-- 删除视图
------------------------------------------

DECLARE @sql VARCHAR(MAX) = ''
        , @crlf VARCHAR(2) = CHAR(13) + CHAR(10) ;

SELECT @sql = @sql + 'DROP VIEW ' + QUOTENAME(SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id)) + '.' + QUOTENAME(v.name) +';' + @crlf
FROM   sys.views v

PRINT @sql;
EXEC(@sql);
GO
------------------------------------------
-- 删除存储过程
------------------------------------------
PRINT '删除存储过程...'
GO

DECLARE @sql VARCHAR(MAX) = ''
        , @crlf VARCHAR(2) = CHAR(13) + CHAR(10) ;

SELECT @sql = @sql + 'DROP PROC ' + QUOTENAME(SCHEMA_NAME(p.schema_id)) + '.' + QUOTENAME(p.name) +';' + @crlf
FROM   [sys].[procedures] p

PRINT @sql;
EXEC(@sql);
GO

------------------------------------------
-- 删除数据表
------------------------------------------
PRINT '删除数据表...'
GO
EXEC sp_MSForEachTable 'DROP TABLE ?'
GO

------------------------------------------
-- 删除序列
------------------------------------------

PRINT '删除序列...'
GO
DECLARE @DropSeqSql varchar(1024)
DECLARE DropSeqCursor CURSOR FOR
SELECT DISTINCT 'DROP SEQUENCE ' + s.SEQUENCE_SCHEMA + '.' + s.SEQUENCE_NAME
    FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.SEQUENCES s

OPEN DropSeqCursor

FETCH NEXT FROM DropSeqCursor INTO @DropSeqSql

WHILE ( @@FETCH_STATUS <> -1 )
BEGIN
    PRINT @DropSeqSql
    EXECUTE( @DropSeqSql )
    FETCH NEXT FROM DropSeqCursor INTO @DropSeqSql
END

CLOSE DropSeqCursor
DEALLOCATE DropSeqCursor
GO

------------------------------------------
-- 删除架构
------------------------------------------


DECLARE @schemas as varchar(1000) = 'StaticData,Ird,DataImport,Collateral,Report,Cds,CommonTrade,MarketData,TypeCode'
DECLARE @schemasXml as xml = cast(('<schema>'+replace(@schemas,',' ,'</schema><schema>')+'</schema>') as xml)

DECLARE @Sql NVARCHAR(500) DECLARE @Cursor CURSOR

SET @Cursor = CURSOR FAST_FORWARD FOR
SELECT sql = 'DROP SCHEMA ['+schemaName+']' FROM 
(SELECT CAST(T.schemaName.query('text()') as VARCHAR(200)) as schemaName FROM @schemasXml.nodes('/schema') T(schemaName)) as X
JOIN information_schema.schemata S on S.schema_name = X.schemaName

OPEN @Cursor FETCH NEXT FROM @Cursor INTO @Sql

WHILE (@@FETCH_STATUS = 0)
BEGIN
PRINT @Sql
Exec (@Sql)
FETCH NEXT FROM @Cursor INTO @Sql
END

CLOSE @Cursor DEALLOCATE @Cursor
GO

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发布于: 2019-07-04 17:13:25
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