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分享一款开源的非常轻量精美的jQuery模态弹窗插件(jquery-confirm),包含Bootstrap,Material等多种主题

650 发布于: 2021-04-13 15:55 读完约需 5 分钟

前言

今天为大家分享一款开源的非常轻量且精美的jQuery模态弹窗插件:jquery-confirm,它包含Bootstrap,Material等多种主题供选择。

如果你的前端项目中还在使用jQuery,那么jquery-confirm是你模态弹窗的完美选择。

下面我们就来零距离感受一下jquery-confirm的魅力吧。

jquery-confirm官网地址:https://craftpip.github.io/jquery-confirm/
jquery-confirm源码托管地址:https://github.com/craftpip/jquery-confirm

功能特性

jquery-confirm包含了前端开发中界面的多种交互功能,如:

  • Alerts(提示信息)
  • Confirmation(弹窗确认)
  • Prompt(弹窗输入)
  • Dialog(对话框)
  • Asynchronous content(异步加载内容)
  • Auto-close(窗口自动关闭)
  • Keystrokes(快捷键)
  • Animations(动画)
  • Draggable(拖拽窗口)
  • Theme(切换主题)

安装

jquery-confirm组件包含两个资源文件,分别为:样式文件jquery-confirm.min.css和脚本文件jquery-confirm.min.js

你可以通过CDN直接引用,如下:

<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery-confirm/3.3.2/jquery-confirm.min.css">
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery-confirm/3.3.2/jquery-confirm.min.js"></script>

或者通过Bower安装:

$ bower install craftpip/jquery-confirm

或者通过npm安装:

$ npm install jquery-confirm

注:jquery-confirm依赖于jQuery,如果你还需要响应式布局,则还依赖Bootstrap。

主题

jquery-confirm提供了多种精美的主题,如:

Modern风格:

Material风格:

Bootstrap风格:

Supervan风格:

开始使用

简单的提示信息($.alert)

使用$.alert()函数即可弹出简单的提示信息,如下:

$.alert({
    title: 'Alert!',
    content: 'Simple alert!',
});

确认弹窗($.confirm)

使用$.confirm()函数可以打开一个确认消息的弹窗,如下:

$.confirm({
    title: 'Confirm!',
    content: 'Simple confirm!',
    buttons: {
        confirm: function () {
            $.alert('Confirmed!');
        },
        cancel: function () {
            $.alert('Canceled!');
        },
        somethingElse: {
            text: 'Something else',
            btnClass: 'btn-blue',
            keys: ['enter', 'shift'],
            action: function(){
                $.alert('Something else?');
            }
        }
    }
});

$.confirm()函数还可以自定义content的内容,让其变成一个弹出的输入框,如下:

$.confirm({
    title: 'Prompt!',
    content: '' +
    '<form action="" class="formName">' +
    '<div class="form-group">' +
    '<label>Enter something here</label>' +
    '<input type="text" placeholder="Your name" class="name form-control" required />' +
    '</div>' +
    '</form>',
    buttons: {
        formSubmit: {
            text: 'Submit',
            btnClass: 'btn-blue',
            action: function () {
                var name = this.$content.find('.name').val();
                if(!name){
                    $.alert('provide a valid name');
                    return false;
                }
                $.alert('Your name is ' + name);
            }
        },
        cancel: function () {
            //close
        },
    },
    onContentReady: function () {
        // bind to events
        var jc = this;
        this.$content.find('form').on('submit', function (e) {
            // if the user submits the form by pressing enter in the field.
            e.preventDefault();
            jc.$$formSubmit.trigger('click'); // reference the button and click it
        });
    }
});

对话框($.dialog)

调用$.dialog()函数可以弹出一个对话框,如下:

$.dialog({
    title: 'Text content!',
    content: 'Simple modal!',
});

以上三种弹窗都提供更简单的参数调用,如:

$.alert('Content here', 'Title here');
$.confirm('A message', 'Title is optional');
$.dialog('Just to let you know');

弹窗按钮

$.confirm()函数中,你还可以自定义多个按钮,包括按钮的文本,样式,回调等等参数,如下:

$.confirm({
    buttons: {
        hello: function(helloButton){
            // shorthand method to define a button
            // the button key will be used as button name
        },
        hey: function(heyButton){
            // access the button using jquery
            this.$$hello.trigger('click'); // click the 'hello' button
            this.$$hey.prop('disabled', true); // disable the current button using jquery method
            // jconfirm button methods, all methods listed here
            this.buttons.hello.setText('Helloooo'); // setText for 'hello' button
            this.buttons.hey.disable(); // disable with button function provided by jconfirm
            this.buttons.hey.enable(); // enable with button function provided by jconfirm
            // the button's instance is passed as the first argument, for quick access
            heyButton === this.buttons.hey
        },
        heyThere: {
            text: 'Hey there!', // text for button
            btnClass: 'btn-blue', // class for the button
            keys: ['enter', 'a'], // keyboard event for button
            isHidden: false, // initially not hidden
            isDisabled: false, // initially not disabled
            action: function(heyThereButton){
                // longhand method to define a button
                // provides more features
            }
        },
    }
});

比如,自定义按钮的文本:

$.confirm({
    buttons: {
        hey: function () {
            // here the button key 'hey' will be used as the text.
            $.alert('You clicked on "hey".');
        },
        heyThere: {
            text: 'hey there!', // With spaces and symbols
            action: function () {
                $.alert('You clicked on "heyThere"');
            }
        }
    }
});

自定义按钮的样式:

$.confirm({
    buttons: {
        info: {
            btnClass: 'btn-blue',
            action: function(){}
        },
        danger: {
            btnClass: 'btn-red any-other-class', // multiple classes.
            //...
        },
        warning: {
            btnClass: 'btn-warning',
            //...
        },
    }
});

绑定按钮的快捷键:

$.confirm({
    content: 'Time to use your keyboard, press shift, alert, A or B',
    buttons: {
        specialKey: {
            text: 'On behalf of shift',
            keys: ['shift', 'alt'],
            action: function(){
                $.alert('Shift or Alt was pressed');
            }
        },
        alphabet: {
            text: 'A, B',
            keys: ['a', 'b'],
            action: function(){
                $.alert('A or B was pressed');
            }
        }
    }
});

自定义

自定义对话框类型

jquery-confirm组件中,你可以通过设置type参数来自定义对话框的类型,如:

$.confirm({
    title: 'Encountered an error!',
    content: 'Something went downhill, this may be serious',
    type: 'red',
    typeAnimated: true,
    buttons: {
        tryAgain: {
            text: 'Try again',
            btnClass: 'btn-red',
            action: function(){
            }
        },
        close: function () {
        }
    }
});

自定义对话框的图标

通过指定icon,可以自定义对话框的图标,如:

$.confirm({
    icon: 'glyphicon glyphicon-heart',
    title: 'glyphicon'
});
$.confirm({
    icon: 'fa fa-warning',
    title: 'font-awesome'
});
$.confirm({
    icon: 'fa fa-spinner fa-spin',
    title: 'Working!',
    content: 'Sit back, we are processing your request!'
});

自定义对话框的宽度

如果使用了Bootstrap响应式布局,你还可以应用Bootstrap的column样式来自定义对话框的宽度,如:

$.confirm({
    columnClass: 'small'
});
$.confirm({
    columnClass: 'col-md-4 col-md-offset-4',
});
$.confirm({
    columnClass: 'col-md-12'
});
$.confirm({
    columnClass: 'col-md-4 col-md-offset-8 col-xs-4 col-xs-offset-8',
    containerFluid: true, // this will add 'container-fluid' instead of 'container'
});

如果没有引用Bootstrap样式,则必需设置jconfirm.defaults.useBootstrap = false,然后再自定义对话框宽度,如:

$.confirm({
    boxWidth: '30%',
    useBootstrap: false,
});
$.confirm({
    boxWidth: '500px',
    useBootstrap: false,
});

可拖拽窗口

jquery-confirm实现可拖拽窗口非常简单,只需要设置draggable参数的值为true即可,如:

$.confirm({
    title: 'Hello there',
    content: 'click and hold on the title to drag',
    draggable: true,
});

默认情况下,拖拽不受浏览器窗口的限制,也就是说你可以把窗口拖拽到浏览器可视区域外,如:

$.confirm({
    title: 'Hello there',
    content: 'Drag this modal out of the window',
    draggable: true,
    dragWindowBorder: false,
});

如果想要窗口在浏览器可视区域内拖拽,则设置dragWindowGap参数,如下:

$.confirm({
    title: 'Hello there',
    content: 'try to drag this modal out of the window',
    draggable: true,
    dragWindowGap: 0, // number of px of distance
});

Ajax加载

jquery-confirm还支持Ajax加载,你只需要设置content参数以url:为前缀即可,如:

$.confirm({
    title: 'Title',
    content: 'url:text.txt',
    onContentReady: function () {
        var self = this;
        this.setContentPrepend('<div>Prepended text</div>');
        setTimeout(function () {
            self.setContentAppend('<div>Appended text after 2 seconds</div>');
        }, 2000);
    },
    columnClass: 'medium',
});

Esc键关闭

jquery-confirm支持快捷键Esc键来关闭对话框,如:

$.confirm({
    escapeKey: true,
    backgroundDismiss: false,
});
$.confirm({
    escapeKey: 'buttonName',
    buttons: {
        buttonName: function(){
            $.alert('Button name was called');
        },
        close: function(){
        }
    }
});

内置的回调函数

jquery-confirm内置了许多回调函数,如:

$.confirm({
    title: false,
    content: 'url:callback.html',
    onContentReady: function () {
        // when content is fetched & rendered in DOM
        alert('onContentReady');
        var self = this;
        this.buttons.ok.disable();
        this.$content.find('.btn').click(function(){
            self.$content.find('input').val('Chuck norris');
            self.buttons.ok.enable();
        });
    },
    contentLoaded: function(data, status, xhr){
        // when content is fetched
        alert('contentLoaded: ' + status);
    },
    onOpenBefore: function () {
        // before the modal is displayed.
        alert('onOpenBefore');
    },
    onOpen: function () {
        // after the modal is displayed.
        alert('onOpen');
    },
    onClose: function () {
        // before the modal is hidden.
        alert('onClose');
    },
    onDestroy: function () {
        // when the modal is removed from DOM
        alert('onDestroy');
    },
    onAction: function (btnName) {
        // when a button is clicked, with the button name
        alert('onAction: ' + btnName);
    },
    buttons: {
        ok: function(){
        }
    }
});

全局参数配置

jquery-confirm组件被正确加载之后,你可以自定义配置它的全局参数,jquery-confirm提供的全局参数如下:

jconfirm.defaults = {
    title: 'Hello',
    titleClass: '',
    type: 'default',
    typeAnimated: true,
    draggable: true,
    dragWindowGap: 15,
    dragWindowBorder: true,
    animateFromElement: true,
    smoothContent: true,
    content: 'Are you sure to continue?',
    buttons: {},
    defaultButtons: {
        ok: {
            action: function () {
            }
        },
        close: {
            action: function () {
            }
        },
    },
    contentLoaded: function(data, status, xhr){
    },
    icon: '',
    lazyOpen: false,
    bgOpacity: null,
    theme: 'light',
    animation: 'scale',
    closeAnimation: 'scale',
    animationSpeed: 400,
    animationBounce: 1,
    rtl: false,
    container: 'body',
    containerFluid: false,
    backgroundDismiss: false,
    backgroundDismissAnimation: 'shake',
    autoClose: false,
    closeIcon: null,
    closeIconClass: false,
    watchInterval: 100,
    columnClass: 'col-md-4 col-md-offset-4 col-sm-6 col-sm-offset-3 col-xs-10 col-xs-offset-1',
    boxWidth: '50%',
    scrollToPreviousElement: true,
    scrollToPreviousElementAnimate: true,
    useBootstrap: true,
    offsetTop: 40,
    offsetBottom: 40,
    bootstrapClasses: {
        container: 'container',
        containerFluid: 'container-fluid',
        row: 'row',
    },
    onContentReady: function () {},
    onOpenBefore: function () {},
    onOpen: function () {},
    onClose: function () {},
    onDestroy: function () {},
    onAction: function () {}
};

更多jquery-confirm的使用和配置,请见 jquery-confirm官网

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